National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)
The main objective of the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) is to reduce poverty through building strong grassroot institutions of the poor. These institutions enable the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in appreciable increase in their incomes, on a sustainable basis.
To implement the NRLM programme in Mizoram, the Govt. has formed a society called the Mizoram State Rural Livelihood (MzSRLM) having a registration No. MSR 385 of 18.08.2011. It has a Governing Body under the chairmanship of the Hon’ble Minister, Rural Development.
Administrative setup of MzSRLM
The Mission is implemented through Project Directors as District Mission Directors in the Districts and Block Development Officers as Block Mission Directors at the Blocks, supported by Thematic Staff. The State Mission Mangement Team is headed by Secretary, Rural Development Department as State Mission Director supported by Chief Executive Officer and other Thematic Staff.
The Mission currently operates in eleven districts of Mizoram namely Serchhip, Kolasib, Mamit, Champhai, Lawngtlai, Siaha, Aizawl, Saitual, Khawzawl, Hnahthial and Lunglei district with four resource blocks and 22 intensive blocks.
There are different thematics under Mizoram State Rural Livelihoods Mission (MzSRLM) namely:
- Institution Building & Capacity Building (IB/CB): Mobilization of women from poor households into Self-Help Groups(SHGs), providing them with skills to manage their existing livelihoods and enhance their credit absorption capacity and credit worthiness.
- Social Inclusion (SISD), Financial Inclusion (FI): Facilitation of poor households to access reliable financial institutions. Revolving Fund and Community Investment Fund (CIF) is given to those SHGs who practice ‘ Panchasutra’
- Livelihoods Farm/ Non-Farm: Focuses on stabilizing and promoting existing livelihood portfolio in farm and non-farm sector of the poor households through various interventions like improved livestock technology, promotion of need-based Producer’s Group (PG) and formal Producer’s Enterprise (PE), value addition etc.
- Skills Development (DDUGKY): It is a flagship programme of Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) which aims to provide skills to poor rural youth between the ages of 18-35 through training.
Several sub-schemes implemented by the Mission are Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP), Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP) and Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY).